Japan warned China yesterday that its extensive land reclamation in the disputed South China Sea does not make ownership “a done deal”, after Beijing announced it had almost finished its controversial island-building.
It also came as details emerged of a joint exercise between Japan and The Philippines, as the relationship blossoms between the two regional powers most prepared to push back against Beijing’s rising aggression.
“We hold serious and significant concerns about the unilateral actions aimed at changing the status quo, which are bound to increase tension,” said Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga.
“With the completion of the reclamation, we must not accept the land reclamation as a done deal. We demand (China) not take unilateral actions that bring irreversible and physical changes.”
Japan has long criticised China’s attempts to change the status quo unilaterally and by force, mindful of its own dispute with Beijing over islands in the East China Sea.
The US says China has created 800ha of new land in the South China Sea in the past 18 months. Huge dredgers have been spotted dumping sand on previously submerged reefs, many of which now house buildings and ports.
Manila said yesterday that a 3km runway on Fiery Cross Reef, big enough to handle a Boeing 747, was “75 per cent complete”.
“This can serve as China’s forward operating base, a refuelling stop for ships and aircraft,” Philippine Defence Department spokesman Peter Galvez said.
“This will allow China easy reach in the West Philippine Sea (the Filipino term for a section of the South China Sea claimed by Manila) and extend their reach up to Australia and other parts of the South Pacific.
“They can do anything they want there. It could be their command and control centre.”
Beijing claims almost all the South China Sea, despite a number of overlapping territorial claims by the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei.
Some commentators suspect China is preparing to declare an Air Defence Identification Zone over the sea, forcing all aircraft to declare themselves to Chinese authorities.
The US is particularly wary of Beijing’s growing ambitions in the area, and invited a television crew aboard a surveillance plane last month as it flew near the island reclamation work.
Chinese military transmissions could be heard telling the US plane to stay away.
Washington welcomed Beijing’s announcement this week of an end to some reclamation work, but warned against adding weapons to the new islands.
“We certainly don’t want to see the militarisation of these facilities,” a senior State Department official said.
“They do nothing to decrease tensions in the region, in fact they have the opposite effect. China is alone on this.
“There’s nobody else in the region that’s supportive of these efforts.”
The Philippines has led Southeast Asia’s charge against China, with President Benigno Aquino likening its actions to those of Nazi Germany in the run-up to World War II.
Manila has also sought support from the US and Japan, including in acquiring military and paramilitary hardware to bolster its woefully-equipped coastguard, which is at the frontline of its pushback.
Japan and The Philippines will hold their second joint naval drill next week in waters near the contested Spratly Islands, following an exercise in the South China Sea in May.
Japan said the mission, scheduled to run from Sunday through to June 27 in waters around and northwest of Palawan, will involve a Japanese P-3C surveillance plane, a BNI-2A plane and a patrol ship from the Philippine navy.