Thursday, July 9, 2015

• Philippines in full force on 1st day at The Hague - Paterno Esmaquel II - July 08, 2015

Philippines in full force on 1st day at The Hague
http://www.rappler.com/nation/98678-philippines-china-hearings-hague-day-1
Paterno Esmaquel II - July 08, 2015

(UPDATED) The Philippine government publishes behind-the-scenes photos of the first day of the historic hearings about the South China Sea

TEAM PHILIPPINES. The Philippine team at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands, before the start of the oral arguments in connection with the arbitration case against China. The country's delegation includes Solicitor General Florin Hilbay, Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio, Justice Secretary Leila de Lima, Presidential Adviser on Political Affairs Secretary Ronald Llamas, Speaker Feliciano "Sonny" Belmonte Jr, Executive Secretary Pacquito Ochoa Jr, Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario, Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin, Associate Justice Francis Jardeleza, Chief Presidential Legal Counsel Benjamin Caguioa, Deputy Executive Secretary for Legal Affairs Menardo Guevarra, Consul General Henry Bensurto, and legal counsels led by Paul Reichler of FoleyHoag. Photo courtesy of DFA

MANILA, Philippines (UPDATED) – The Philippines came out in full force on the first day of its oral hearings at The Hague, The Netherlands, over its historic case against China over the South China Sea.

On Tuesday, July 7, the Philippines argued that the arbitral tribunal at the Permanent Court of Arbitration, based in The Hague, has the right to hear the Philippines' case. (READ: Philippines vows to smash China's strongest argument)

Eventually, if the tribunal decides it has jurisdiction, the country can proceed to invalidate China's expansive claim over virtually the entire South China Sea. (READ: PH vs China at The Hague: '80% of fish' at stake)

Deputy Presidential Spokesperson Abigail Valte, who was among the Philippine officials at The Hague, said Solicitor General Florin Hilbay introduced the Philippines' case during Tuesday's hearing. Hilbay also presented the order of speakers.

Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario, for his part, "made an impassioned plea for the tribunal to recognize its jurisdiction." Del Rosario cited the importance of the case "not just to our country but to the entire world, owing to its impact on the application of the rule of law in maritime disputes."

The Philippines' chief counsel, Paul Reichler, and Professor Philippe Sands later argued why the tribunal has the right to hear the case.

This first round of arguments is set to continue Wednesday.

Behind-the-scenes photos

Images published by the Philippine government show a powerhouse team defending the Philippines.

A photo released by the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs showed an 18-member Philippine delegation at the Peace Palace in The Hague.

The photo includes Hilbay and Reichler, an internationally renowned lawyer.

On Tuesday, Valte tweeted other photos showing the Philippines' last-minute preparations.

Philippine Communications Secretary Herminio Coloma Jr earlier told journalists that Manila is "following its position of seeking a rules-based, diplomatic and peaceful solution."

But Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said China opposed the arbitration.

"China has on many occasions expounded its position by neither accepting nor participating in the arbitrary procedure unilaterally initiated by the Philippines in breach of the agreement repeatedly confirmed with China as well as the Philippines," she said.

"China opposes any moves by the Philippines to initiate and push forward the arbitral proceedings," Hua said.

Still, in an interview with Rappler, Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio of the Philippine Supreme Court said China would be forced "one way or another" to comply with the tribunal's ruling. He expects the ruling to favor the Philippines. – With reports from Agence France-Presse/Rappler.com


From Masinloc to The Hague: A question of livelihood
The tension between Manila and Beijing over Bajo de Masinloc has prevented fisherfolk in Zambales from heading out into open waters
Bea Cupin@beacupin
July 09, 2015

PH VS CHINA. Locals and fishermen of Masinloc, Zambales gather to discuss issues surrounding China's claim to practically the entire South China Sea. Photo by Bea Cupin/Rappler

ZAMBALES, Philippines – The ongoing oral hearings at The Hague, Netherlands, on China’s claims over practically the entire South China Sea (West Philippine Sea) are packed with top legal minds tackling a historic case.

For over 13,000 fisherfolk in the province of Zambales, the issue strikes at the core: it's a matter of life and death. (READ: PH vs China at The Hague: '80% of fish' at stake)

On Wednesday, July 8, hundreds of locals from the town of Masinloc gathered in one of the town’s covered courts to talk about an issue that has hounded them for several months: tensions between the Philippines and China over areas in the vast sea that the latter is claiming.

Miles away in The Netherlands, the Philippines’ team – composed of top government officials and a team of international lawyers – began the hearings on the Permanent Court of Arbitration’s right to hear the Philippines’ case against China.

It’s the first step of many. Should the tribunal decide it has jurisdiction over the case, the Philippines can move on and push to invalidate China’s claim over the vast South China Sea. China is arguing that the tribunal does not have jurisdiction over the case.

A senior justice from the Philippines told Rappler that among the core issues is whether the country can keep 80% of its exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of the South China Sea.

"If we lose 80% of our EEZ in the South China Sea, that means we lose 80% of the fish we catch annually in the South China Sea," Philippine Supreme Court Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio told Rappler in an interview.


Photo by Bea Cupin/Rappler

The effects of the case are felt in the province of Zambales.

Eleven of Zambales’ municipalities are coastal communities, with over 13,000 individuals relying on the sea for their livelihood.

Tensions between the two governments have prevented fisherfolk from heading out into open waters – from P50,000 daily, they now roughly earn P10,000 for a day’s worth of fishing.

“There are reports from the fisherfolk here that they’re hesitant to fish at Bajo de Masinloc because of some reports… there was an instance when the Chinese drove out local fisherfolk through water cannons,” Florida Dijan, Department of the Interior and Local Government regional director for Central Luzon told reporters on the sidelines of the consultation meeting.

“When these issues are tackled in the Netherlands – which we will hopefully win – we want to assure locals who rely on fishing that the government it doing all it can to help them,” said Dijan in a mix of English and Filipino. (READ: Full text: The Philippines' opening salvo at The Hague)

Five rocks

In April 2015, the Philippine government confirmed that fishermen were driven away by Chinese coast guard personnel in Bajo de Masinloc, a free fishing zone that was taken over by the Chinese in 2012.

In a briefer, the Philippine government says Bajo de Masinloc “is an integral part of the Philippine territory” located 124 nautical miles west of Zambales, right within the country’s 200 nautical-mile EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone).

This means the Philippines has the right to fish in the area. (READ: Q and A: Case vs China 'not enough,' expert says)

OUR CONCERNS. Fisherfolk gather in Masinloc, Zambales to discuss issues surrounding the West Philippine Sea. Photo by Bea Cupin/Rappler

The Philippine government asserts that “Bajo de Masinloc (also called Scarborough Shoal but referred to as Huangyan Island by the Chinese) is a ring-shaped coral reef, which has several rocks encircling a lagoon.

About 5 of these rocks are above water during high tide. Of these five rocks, some are about 3 meters high above water. The rest of the rocks and reefs are below water during high tide.”

China, other the other hand, argues that Bajo de Masinloc is an island. It also asserts that it has jurisdiction over the area, based on historical claims. (READ: Why China calls it Huangyan Island)

“The point of this forum was that hopefully, Secretary Roxas would be able to hear the sentiments of the locals and in turn, relay this to the team in The Hague,” Dijan said. Interior Secretary Manuel Roxas was supposed to be part of the forum, but was unable to fly from Manila to Zambales due to bad weather.

Provincial and local government officials, as well as representatives from national agencies were also present during the meeting.

Alternative livelihood programs are being offered to fisherfolk in the area so they have other means of earning when the typhoon and monsoon season comes, or if the conflict between both countries escalates.

But for old, weary men who’ve known nothing else in their lives but fishing, the debate over Bajo de Masinloc goes beyond rock formations, nautical miles, and EEZs.

It’s a question of how and when food can be put on their tables. – Rappler.com




FULL TEXT: The Philippines' opening salvo at The Hague
'China has pursued its activities in these disputed maritime areas with overwhelming force. The Philippines can only counter by invoking international law.'

Foreign Secretary Albert F. del Rosario
Published 7:15 PM, July 08, 2015
Updated 7:23 PM, July 08, 2015

TOP DIPLOMAT. Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario gives a statement about the South China Sea during a news conference in Manila on March 30, 2014. File photo by Noel Celis/AFP

Below is the full text of Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario's statement before an arbitral tribunal at The Hague, The Netherlands, on the Philippines' case against China. Del Rosario delivered this speech – originally titled "Why the Philippines Brought This Case to Arbitration and Its Importance to the Region and the World" – on July 7, the first day of oral hearings at The Hague.

1. Mr President, distinguished Members of the Tribunal, it is a great honor to respectfully appear before you on behalf of my country, the Republic of the Philippines. It is indeed a special privilege to do so in a case that has such importance to all Filipinos and – if I may add – to the rule of law in international relations.

2. Mr President, the Philippines has long placed its faith in the rules and institutions that the international community has created to regulate relations among States. We are proud to have been a founding member of the United Nations, and an active participant in that indispensable institution.

3. Its organs, coupled with the power of international law, serve as the great equalizer among States, allowing countries, such as my own, to stand on an equal footing with wealthier, more powerful States.

4. Nowhere is this more true, Mr President, than with respect to the progressive development of the law of the sea, which culminated in the adoption of the Law of the Sea Convention in 1982. That instrument, which has rightly been called a “Constitution for the Oceans,” counts among its most important achievements the establishment of clear rules regarding the peaceful use of the seas, freedom of navigation, protection of the maritime environment and, perhaps most importantly, clearly defined limits on the maritime areas in which States are entitled to exercise sovereign rights and jurisdiction.

5. These are all matters of central significance to the Philippines. Indeed, given our lengthy coastline, our status as an archipelagic state, and our seafaring tradition, the rules codified in the law of the sea have always had particular importance for the Philippines. The Philippines is justifiably proud of the fact that it signed the Convention on the day it was opened for signature, on December 10, 1982, and was one of the first States to submit its instrument of ratification, which it did on May 8, 1984.

6. The Philippines has respected and implemented its rights and obligations under the Convention in good faith. This can be seen in the amendment of our national legislation to bring the Philippines’ maritime claims into compliance with the Convention, by converting our prior straight baselines into archipelagic baselines in conformity with Articles 46 and 47, and by providing that the maritime zones of the Kalayaan Island Group and Scarborough Shoal in the South China Sea would be consistent with Article 121.

7. The Philippines took these important steps, Mr President, because we understand, and accept, that compliance with the rules of the Convention is required of all States Parties.

8. I mentioned a moment ago the equalizing power of international law. Perhaps no provisions of the Convention are as vital to achieving this critical objective than Part XV. It is these dispute resolution provisions that allow the weak to challenge the powerful on an equal footing, confident in the conviction that principles trump power; that law triumphs over force; and that right prevails over might.

9. Mr President, allow me to respectfully make it clear: in submitting this case, the Philippines is NOTasking the Tribunal to rule on the territorial sovereignty aspect of its disputes with China.

10. We are here because we wish to clarify our maritime entitlements in the South China Sea, a question over which the Tribunal has jurisdiction. This is a matter that is most important not only to the Philippines, but also to all coastal States that border the South China Sea, and even to all the States Parties to UNCLOS. It is a dispute that goes to the very heart of UNCLOS itself. Our very able counsel will have much more to say about this legal dispute over the interpretation of the Convention during the course of these oral hearings. But in my humble layman’s view, the central legal dispute in this case can be expressed as follows:

11. For the Philippines, the maritime entitlements of coastal States – to a territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, and continental shelf, and the rights and obligations of the States Parties within these respective zones – are established, defined, and limited by the express terms of the Convention. Those express terms do not allow for – in fact they preclude – claims to broader entitlements, or sovereign rights, or jurisdiction, over maritime areas beyond the limits of the EEZ or continental shelf. In particular, the Convention does not recognize, or permit the exercise of, so-called “historic rights” in areas beyond the limits of the maritime zones that are recognized or established by UNCLOS.

12. Sadly, China disputes this, Mr President, in both word and deed. It claims that it is entitled to exercise sovereign rights and jurisdiction, including the exclusive right to the resources of the sea and seabed, far beyond the limits established by the Convention, based on so-called “historic rights” to these areas. Whether these alleged “historic rights” extend to the limits generally established by China’s so-called “9-dash line,” as appears to be China’s claim, or whether they encompass a greater or a narrower portion of the South China Sea, the indisputable fact, and the central element of the legal dispute between the Parties, is that China has asserted a claim of “historic rights” to vast areas of the sea and seabed that lie far beyond the limits of its EEZ and continental shelf entitlements under the Convention.

13. In fact, China has done much more, Mr President, than to simply claim these alleged “historic rights.” It has acted forcefully to assert them, by exploiting the living and non-living resources in the areas beyond the UNCLOS limits while forcibly preventing other coastal States, including the Philippines, from exploiting the resources in the same areas – even though the areas lie well within 200 M of the Philippines’ coast and, in many cases, hundreds of miles beyond any EEZ or continental shelf that China could plausibly claim under the Convention.

14. The legal dispute between the Philippines and China over China’s claim to and exercise of alleged “historic rights” is a matter falling under the Convention, and particularly Part XV, regardless of whether China is claiming that “historic rights” are recognized under the Convention, or allowable under the Convention because they are not precluded by it. China has made both arguments in its public statements. But it makes no difference for purposes of the characterization of this dispute as one calling for the interpretation or application of the Convention. The question raised by the conflicting positions of the Philippines and China boils down to this: Are maritime entitlements to be governed strictly by UNCLOS, thus precluding claims of maritime entitlements based on “historic rights”? Or does the UNCLOS allow a State to claim entitlements based on “historic” or other rights even beyond those provided for in the Convention itself?

15. As our counsel will explain, Mr President, any recognition of such “historic rights” conflicts with the very character of UNCLOS and its express provisions concerning the maritime entitlements of coastal States. This calls indisputably for the proper interpretation of the fundamental nature of the Convention.

16. China’s assertion and exercise of its alleged rights in areas beyond its entitlements under UNCLOS have created significant uncertainty and instability in our relations with China and in the broader region. In this respect, I note the presence here today of representatives of Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Japan to observe these critical proceedings.

17. Mr President, China has claimed “historic rights” in areas that are beyond 200 M from its mainland coasts, or any land feature over which it claims sovereignty, and within 200 M of the coasts of the Philippines’ main islands, and exploited the resources in these areas while preventing the Philippines from doing so. It has therefore, in the Philippines’ view, breached the Convention by violating Philippine sovereign rights and jurisdiction. China has pursued its activities in these disputed maritime areas with overwhelming force. The Philippines can only counter by invoking international law. That is why it is of fundamental importance to the Philippines, and we would submit, for the rule of law in general, for the Tribunal to decide where and to what limit China has maritime entitlements in the South China Sea; where and to what limit the Philippines has maritime entitlements; where and to what extent the Parties’ respective entitlements overlap and where they do not. None of this requires or even invites the Tribunal to make any determinations on questions of land sovereignty, or delimitation of maritime boundaries.

18. The Philippines understands that the jurisdiction of this tribunal convened under UNCLOS is limited to questions that concern the law of the sea. With this in mind, we have taken great care to place before you only claims that arise directly under the Convention. As counsel for the Philippines will discuss at length in the coming days, we have, in essence, presented five (5) principal claims. They are:

– First, that China is not entitled to exercise what it refers to as “historic rights” over the waters, seabed, and subsoil beyond the limits of its entitlements under the Convention;

– Second, that the so-called 9-dash line has no basis whatsoever under international law insofar as it purports to define the limits of China’s claim to “historic rights”;

– Third, that the various maritime features relied upon by China as a basis upon which to assert its claims in the South China Sea are not islands that generate entitlement to an exclusive economic zone or continental shelf. Rather, some are “rocks” within the meaning of Article 121, paragraph 3; others are low-tide elevations; and still others are permanently submerged. As a result, none are capable of generating entitlements beyond 12M, and some generate no entitlements at all. China’s recent massive reclamation activities cannot lawfully change the original nature and character of these features;

– Fourth, that China has breached the Convention by interfering with the Philippines’ exercise of its sovereign rights and jurisdiction; and

– Fifth, that China has irreversibly damaged the regional marine environment, in breach of UNCLOS, by its destruction of coral reefs in the South China Sea, including areas within the Philippines’ EEZ, by its destructive and hazardous fishing practices, and by its harvesting of endangered species.

19. Mr President, the Philippines is committed to resolving its disputes with China peacefully and in accordance with international law. For over two decades, we diligently pursued that objective bilaterally, regionally, and multilaterally. I will not here take this Tribunal through the Philippines’ painstaking and exhaustive diplomatic efforts, which are set out in detail in our written pleadings. I will, however, mention a few representative examples, if I may.

20. As far back as August 1995, after China seized and built structures on Mischief Reef – a low-tide elevation located 126 nautical miles from the Philippine island of Palawan and more than 600 nautical miles from the closest point on China’s Hainan Island – the Philippines sought to address China’s violation of its maritime rights diplomatically. During those exchanges, the Philippines and China agreed that the dispute should be resolved in accordance with UNCLOS. As the then Chinese Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Tang Jiaxuan, stated two years later during bilateral negotiations, China and the Philippines should “approach the disputes on the basis of international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, particularly its provisions on the maritime regimes like the exclusive economic zone.”

21. The mutual acceptance that the Philippines’ disputes with China must be resolved in accordance with UNCLOS was also reflected in a Joint Communiqué issued in July 1998 upon completion of bilateral discussions between my predecessor, Foreign Secretary Domingo Siazon, and China’s Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan. The Communiqué recorded that, and I quote, “The two sides exchanged views on the question of the South China Sea and reaffirmed their commitment that the relevant disputes shall be settled peacefully in accordance with the established principles of international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.” (End of quote)

22. Regrettably, neither the bilateral exchanges I have mentioned, nor any of the great many subsequent exchanges, proved capable of resolving the impasse caused by China’s intransigent insistence that China alone possesses maritime rights in virtually the entirety of the South China Sea, and that the Philippines must recognize and accept China’s sovereignty before meaningful discussion of other issues could take place.

23. The Philippines has also been persistent in seeking a diplomatic solution under the auspices of ASEAN. This has proven no more successful than our bilateral efforts. In fact, China has insisted that ASEAN cannot be used to resolve any territorial or maritime disputes concerning the South China Sea, and that such issues can only be dealt with in bilateral negotiations. ASEAN and China have yet to conclude a binding code of conduct in the South China Sea. The most that has been achieved was the issuance, in 2002, of a “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea.” Although that document recorded the parties’ commitment to work toward the “eventual” establishment of a code of conduct in the South China Sea, China’s intransigence in the 13 years of subsequent multilateral negotiations has made that goal nearly unattainable.

24. Nonetheless, Mr President, the 2002 DOC is significant in at least one important respect: the ASEAN Member States and China undertook therein to “resolve their territorial and jurisdictional disputes by peaceful means, without resorting to the threat or use of force, through friendly consultations and negotiations by sovereign states directly concerned, in accordance with universally recognized principles of international law, including the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.” In so doing, the Declaration encouraged those States, should they prove unable to resolve their disputes through consultations or negotiations, to do so in accordance with the Convention, which includes, of course, the dispute resolution procedures under Part XV.

25. Mr President, over the years, China’s positions and behavior have become progressively more aggressive and disconcerting. Outside observers have referred to this as China’s “salami-slicing” strategy: that is, taking little steps over time, none of which individually is enough to provoke a crisis. Chinese military officials themselves have referred to this as its “cabbage” strategy: peeling one layer off at a time. When these small steps are taken together, however, they reflect China’s efforts to slowly consolidate de facto control throughout the South China Sea.

26. Two more recent incremental steps caused the Philippines to conclude that it had no alternative other than to invoke compulsory procedures entailing a binding decision. The first was China’s transmittal of its 9-dash line claim to the United Nations in 2009, after which, it prevented the Philippines from carrying out long-standing oil and gas development projects in areas that are well inside the Philippines’ 200 M EEZ and continental shelf.

27. Secondly, in 2012, China forcibly expelled Philippine fishermen from the maritime areas around Scarborough Shoal where the Filipino fishermen have for generations been fishing without so much as a protest from China.

28. These and other acts by China caused the Philippines to conclude that continued diplomatic efforts, whether bilateral or multilateral, would be futile, and that the only way to resolve our maritime disputes was to commence the present arbitration.

29. Subsequent events, including China’s acceleration of massive land reclamation activities, which it has undertaken – and continues to undertake – in blatant disregard of the Philippines rights’ in its EEZ and continental shelf, and at tremendous cost to the marine environment in violation of UNCLOS – only serve to reconfirm the need for judicial intervention.

30. Mr President, I would like to conclude by conveying my country’s deepest appreciation for the considerable time and attention you have devoted to these proceedings. The case before you is of the utmost importance to the Philippines, to the region, and to the world. In our view, it is also of utmost significance to the integrity of the Convention, and to the very fabric of the “legal order for the seas and oceans” that the international community so painstakingly crafted over many years.

31. If China can defy the limits placed by the Convention on its maritime entitlements in the South China Sea, and disregard the entitlements of the Philippines under the Convention, then what value is there in the Convention for small States Parties as regards their bigger, more powerful and better armed neighbors? Can the Philippines not invoke Part XV to challenge China’s activities as violations of its obligations and the Philippines’ rights, considering that the Philippines’ claims call for a mere interpretation and application of the Convention and do not fall within any of the jurisdictional exclusions of Articles 297 or 298?

32. Mr President, if the Philippines cannot invoke Part XV, then what remains of the obligation regarding judicial settlement of disputes that was such a key element of the comprehensive package that made the Convention acceptable to all State Parties?

33. We understand, Mr President, that in the exercise of its collective wisdom and judgment, this body has decided to bifurcate the proceedings and to limit these current hearings to the issue of jurisdiction. In this respect, we shall explain in full how our case falls squarely within the jurisdiction of this Tribunal, to the end that justice and fair play may prevail and the Tribunal would recognize its jurisdiction over the case and allow the Philippines to present the actual merits of our position.


34. In the Philippines’ view, it is not just the Philippines’ claims against China that rest in your capable hands. Mr. President, it is the spirit of UNCLOS itself. That is why, we submit, these proceedings have attracted so much interest and attention. We call on the Tribunal to kindly uphold the Convention and enable the rule of law to prevail.

35. I humbly thank you, Mr President, and distinguished Members of the Tribunal. May I now ask that Philippines’ counsel, Mr. Paul Reichler, be called to the podium. – Rappler.com

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Reuters
Posted at 06/29/2015 2:12 PM

BEIJING - China on Monday accused the Philippines of spreading misinformation and "creating the illusion of the victim" in their dispute over the South China Sea after Manila aired a three-part documentary defending its position.

The first part of the documentary series titled "Karapatan sa Dagat", or maritime rights, was released as the Philippines observed Independence Day on June 12.

"The Philippines is attempting to mislead and deceive, gain sympathy by cheating and create the illusion of the 'victim'," Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said in a statement on the ministry's website. He accused the Philippines of aiming to incite the people of the two countries.

Tit-for-tat rhetorical exchanges between the Philippines and China over the South China Sea dispute have escalated in recent months.

Last week, a Defense Ministry spokesman accused the Philippines of trying to draw other countries into the dispute to stir up regional tensions after Japan joined a military drill with the Philippines.

The Philippines had said the documentary was intended to inform its people and to rally public support behind government policies and actions.

Hua's statement added: "China and the Philippines are long-term friends and good neighbors and have shown that they have been able to fully and properly handle the South China Sea issue through friendly consultations."

China has become increasingly assertive in the potentially energy-rich South China Sea, building artificial islands in areas over which the Philippines and other countries have rival claims. The moves have sparked alarm regionally and in Washington.

China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Saturday that if China changed its position on claims over the South China Sea, it would shame its ancestors, while not facing up to infringements of Chinese sovereignty there would shame its children.

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June 29, 2015 12:39pm
19.8K 287 5 22.1K
(Updated 6:03 p.m.) BEIJING - China on Monday accused the Philippines of spreading misinformation and "creating the illusion of the victim" in their dispute over the South China Sea after Manila aired a three-part documentary defending its position.

The first part of the documentary series titled "Karapatan sa Dagat," or maritime rights, was released as the Philippines observed Independence Day on June 12.

"The Philippines is attempting to mislead and deceive, gain sympathy by cheating and create the illusion of the 'victim,'" Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said in a statement on the ministry's website. He accused the Philippines of aiming to incite the people of the two countries.

Tit-for-tat rhetorical exchanges between the Philippines and China over the South China Sea dispute have escalated in recent months.

Last week, a Defense Ministry spokesman accused the Philippines of trying to draw other countries into the dispute to stir up regional tensions after Japan joined a military drill with the Philippines.

The Philippines had said the documentary was intended to inform its people and to rally public support behind government policies and actions.

Hua's statement added: "China and the Philippines are long-term friends and good neighbours and have shown that they have been able to fully and properly handle the South China Sea issue through friendly consultations."

Speaking later at a daily news briefing, Hua also expressed anger at comments from the US State Department's number two diplomat, Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who called China's large scale reclamation projects in the South China Sea "a threat to peace and stability."

The United States should "stop making irresponsible comments which deliberately stoke regional tensions and confrontation," Hua said.

China has become increasingly assertive in the potentially energy-rich South China Sea, building artificial islands in areas over which the Philippines and other countries have rival claims. The moves have sparked alarm regionally and in Washington.

China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Saturday that if China changed its position on claims over the South China Sea, it would shame its ancestors, while not facing up to infringements of Chinese sovereignty there would shame its children. — Reuters


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